WS3 - Consumer options
Gas supply and demand are set to change in the net zero world, with green gas transport options and new hydrogen ready domestic appliances.
Decarbonisation of the gas grid may impact industrial, commercial and domestic customers in many different ways, with such impacts in turn affecting the role of gas in the net zero energy system of the future. By working together with the gas networks, the industrial, power, transport and heat sectors will be able to meet their own decarbonisation ambitions and ensure a smooth and just transition.
During the transition to net zero emissions, gas vehicles and flexible domestic appliances, like hybrid heating systems, will become commonplace. And with this deployment pathway new regulation will be required.
This workstream will also consider implications of gas and electricity systems becoming increasingly linked and whole systems in their operation.
Deliverable 3.1 - Hydrogen production, storage and carbon capture geological studies
As industrial clusters begin to develop in the 2020s seasonal storage for hydrogen may be necessary. Hydrogen storage is also intricately related to system resilience raising whole systems considerations in respect of determining optimal storage in comparison to alternatives such as reformation. Gas Goes Green will undertake a review of the long term options for hydrogen storage, production locations and geological suitability and CCUS implications.
A report will be produced in October.
Deliverable 3.2 - Production, Storage and Carbon Capture Locational and Capacity Requirements
Learning from Deliverable 3.1, the programme will then commence subsequent research on long-term hydrogen supply and demand forecasts & storage sites. It is from such studies as this that we will begin to see in detail what the energy system of the future will look like.
A project scope will be produced in December.
Deliverable 3.3 - Future of gas in transport
To achieve the ambitious target of net zero emissions requires progress across all sectors. Heavy vehicles have previously not seen as much focus as light passenger vehicles, yet to meet the target, almost all HGV’s must be converted to low carbon alternatives with an acceleration towards 100% low carbon sales.
Gas has an important role to play in the heavy vehicle sector and for trains and shipping. To assess this Gas Goes Green will prescribe a practical transition pathways from fossil based and renewable gas today to a net zero transport future. This will give manufacturers and fleet operators the confidence to invest in green sustainable transport options.
A report will be produced in July.
Deliverable 3.4 - Heating system demonstrations
The gas networks are already involved in plans for large demonstrations of hydrogen networks and hybrid heating systems. Delivery of these are likely to depend on direction from policymakers.
During the summer the Gas Goes Green Steering Group and Advisory Group will evaluate the latest research and analysis and update on the progress of these various demonstrations.